miembros investigadores

Federico G Velez, MD

Professor with Tenure, Track 1
Department of Ophthalmology
Duke University

Associate Physician Diplomate
Doheny Eye Institute UCLA
Department of Ophthalmology
David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA

Associate Editor, Journal of the American Association of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus (J
1. American Academy of Ophthalmology EyeNet Editorial Advisory Board – Member
2. Editorial Board, Journal of the Colombian Society of Ophthalmology
3. Editorial Board, Biomed Research International (Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology)
4. Medical Editor, World Society of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus Newsletter


1. Serrano JC, Galvis V, Velez FG. Correction of Accommodative Strabismus in Hyperopic Subjects
Undergoing LASIK. MedUnab 1999; 2:33-37
2. Velez FG, Clark RA, Demer JL. Facial asymmetry in superior oblique muscle palsy and pulley
heterotopy. J AAPOS. 2000 Aug;4(4):233-9. PubMed PMID: 10951300.
3. Velez FG, Foster RS, Rosenbaum AL. Vertical rectus muscle augmented transposition in Duane
syndrome. J AAPOS. 2001 Apr;5(2):105-13. PubMed PMID:11304819.
4. Velez FG, Chan TK, Vives T, Chou T, Clark RA, Keyes M, Rosenbaum AL, Isenberg SJ. Timing of
postoperative adjustment in adjustable suture strabismus surgery. J AAPOS. 2001 Jun;5(3):178-
83. PubMed PMID: 11404745.
5. Velez FG, Rosenbaum AL. Preoperative prism adaptation for acquired esotropia: long-term results.
J AAPOS. 2002 Jun;6(3):168-73. PubMed PMID: 12075293.
6. Oh SY, Clark RA, Velez F, Rosenbaum AL, Demer JL. Incomitant strabismus associated with
instability of rectus pulleys. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2002 Jul;43(7):2169-78. PubMed PMID:
7. Demer JL, Clark RA, Kono R, Wright W, Velez F, Rosenbaum AL. A 12-year, prospective study of
extraocular muscle imaging in complex strabismus. J AAPOS. 2002 Dec;6(6):337-47. PubMed
PMID: 12506273.
8. Britt MT, Velez FG, Thacker N, Alcorn D, Foster RS, Rosenbaum AL. Partial rectus muscle-
augmented transpositions in abduction deficiency. J AAPOS. 2003 Oct;7(5):325-32. PubMed
PMID: 14566314.
9. Britt MT, Velez FG, Thacker N, Alcorn D, Foster RS, Rosenbaum AL. Surgical management of
severe co-contraction, globe retraction, and pseudo-ptosis in Duane syndrome. J AAPOS. 2004
Aug;8(4):362-7. PubMed PMID: 15314598.
10. Velez FG, Thacker N, Britt MT, Alcorn D, Foster RS, Rosenbaum AL. Rectus muscle orbital wall
fixation: a reversible profound weakening procedure. J AAPOS.2004 Oct;8(5):473-80. PubMed
PMID: 15492742.
11. Thacker NM, Velez FG, Demer JL, Rosenbaum AL. Strabismic complications following endoscopic
sinus surgery: diagnosis and surgical management. J AAPOS.2004 Oct;8(5):488-94. PubMed
PMID: 15492744.
12. Thacker NM, Velez FG, Krieger A, Stainer G, Ling R, Rosenbaum AL. Retinal hemorrhages as a
complication of endoscopic sinus surgery. Arch Ophthalmol. 2004 Nov;122(11):1724-5. PubMed
PMID: 15534143.
13. Velez FG, Thacker N, Britt MT, Rosenbaum AL. Cause of V pattern strabismus in
craniosynostosis: a case report. Br J Ophthalmol. 2004 Dec;88(12):1598-9. PubMed PMID:
15548821; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC1772446.
14. Thacker NM, Velez FG, Bhola R, Britt MT, Rosenbaum AL. Lateral rectus resections in divergence
palsy: results of long-term follow-up. J AAPOS. 2005 Feb;9(1):7-11. PubMed PMID: 15729273.
15. Thacker NM, Velez FG, Rosenbaum AL. Combined adjustable rectus muscle resection–recession
for incomitant strabismus. J AAPOS. 2005 Apr;9(2):137-40. PubMed PMID: 15838440.
16. Dang Y, Velez FG. Management of Duane’s Retraction Syndrome. Indian J of Strabismology and
Pediatric Ophthalmology 2005; 4:3-16
17. Thacker NM, Velez FG, Demer JL, Rosenbaum AL. Superior oblique muscle involvement in thyroid
ophthalmopathy. J AAPOS. 2005 Apr;9(2):174-8. PubMed PMID:15838447.
18. Bhola R, Velez FG, Rosenbaum AL. Isolated superior oblique tucking: an effective procedure for
superior oblique palsy with profound superior oblique underaction. J AAPOS. 2005 Jun;9(3):243-9.
PubMed PMID:15956944
19. Thacker NM, Velez FG, Demer JL, Wang MB, Rosenbaum AL. Extraocular muscle damage
associated with endoscopic sinus surgery: an ophthalmology perspective. Am J Rhinol. 2005 Jul-
Aug;19(4):400-5. PubMed PMID: 16171176.
20. Britt MT, Velez FG, Velez G, Rosenbaum AL. Vertical rectus muscle transposition for bilateral
Duane syndrome. J AAPOS. 2005 Oct;9(5):416-21. PubMed PMID: 16213389.
21. Velez FG, Velez G, Thacker N. Superior oblique posterior tenectomy in patients with Brown
syndrome with small deviations in the primary position. J AAPOS. 2006 Jun;10(3):214-9. PubMed
PMID: 16814173.
22. Ela-Dalman N, Schwarcz RM, Velez FG. Suture fixation system as globe tethers in severe paralytic
strabismus. J AAPOS. 2006 Aug;10(4):371-2. PubMed PMID: 16935240.
23. Pineles SL, Velez FG, Elliot RL, Rosenbaum AL. Superior oblique muscle paresis and restriction
secondary to orbital mucocele. J AAPOS. 2007 Feb;11(1):60-1. Epub 2006 Nov 30. PubMed
24. Ela-Dalman N, Velez G, Thacker N, Britt MT, Velez FG. Maximum motor fusion combined with
one-hour preoperative prism adaptation test in patients with acquired esotropia. J AAPOS. 2006
Dec;10(6):561-4. PubMed PMID:17189151.
25. Ela-Dalman N, Velez FG, Felius J, Stager DR Sr, Rosenbaum AL. Inferior oblique muscle fixation
to the orbital wall: a profound weakening procedure. J AAPOS. 2007 Feb;11(1):17-22. Epub 2006
Sep 7. PubMed PMID:17307678.
26. Ela-Dalman N, Velez FG, Rosenbaum AL. Incomitant esotropia following pterygium excision
surgery. Arch Ophthalmol. 2007 Mar;125(3):369-73. PubMed PMID:17353408.
27. Ela-Dalman N, Arnold AC, Chang LK, Velez FG, Lasky JL 3rd. Abducens nerve ocular
neuromyotonia following non-sellar or parasellar tumors. Strabismus. 2007 Jul-Sep;15(3):149-51.
PubMed PMID: 17763251
28. Roizen A, Velez FG, Rosenbaum AL. Superior oblique anterior tenectomy. J AAPOS. 2008
Feb;12(1):54-7. Epub 2007 Oct 25. PubMed PMID:17964208.
29. Telander DG, Renno RZ, Velez FG, Gonzales CR. Traumatic macular hole in shaken baby
syndrome successfully treated with pars plicata vitrectomy and gas tamponade. Retina Cases Brief
Rep. 2008 Winter;2(1):53-4. PubMed PMID: 25389619
30. Roizen A, Ela-Dalman N, Velez FG, Coleman AL, Rosenbaum AL. Surgical treatment of
strabismus secondary to glaucoma drainage device. Arch Ophthalmol. 2008 Apr;126(4):480-6.
PubMed PMID: 18413516.
31. Ela-Dalman N, Velez FG, Demer JL, Rosenbaum AL. High-resolution magnetic resonance imaging
demonstrates reduced inferior oblique muscle size in isolated inferior oblique palsy. J AAPOS.
2008 Dec;12(6):602-7. Epub 2008 Oct 4. PubMed PMID: 18835733; PubMed Central PMCID:
32. Lee S, Rutar T, Velez FG, Rosenbaum AL. Lemierre's syndrome with fourth nerve palsy. J
AAPOS. 2009 Feb;13(1):107-8. Epub 2008 Oct 18. PubMed PMID: 18930667.
33. Velez FG, Ela-Dalman N, Velez G. Surgical management of dissociated vertical deviation
associated with A-pattern strabismus. J AAPOS. 2009 Feb;13(1):31-5. Epub 2008 Dec 13.
PubMed PMID: 19071048.
34. Ruth AL, Velez FG, Rosenbaum AL. Management of vertical deviations after vertical rectus
transposition surgery. J AAPOS. 2009 Feb;13(1):16-9. Epub 2008 Dec 31. PubMed PMID:
35. Velez FG, Isobe J, Zealear D, Judy JW, Edgerton VR, Patnode S, Lee H, Hahn Toward an
implantable functional electrical stimulation device to correct strabismus. J AAPOS. 2009
Jun;13(3):229-35.e1. Epub 2009 Apr 16. PubMed PMID: 19375369; PubMed Central PMCID:
36. Taban M, Mancini R, Nakra T, Velez FG, Ela-Dalman N, Tsirbas A, Douglas RS, Goldberg RA.
Nonsurgical management of congenital eyelid malpositions using hyaluronic Acid gel. Ophthal
Plast Reconstr Surg. 2009 Jul-Aug;25(4):259-63. PubMed PMID: 19617780
37. Ortube MC, Lazareff J, Vinters HV, Velez FG. Orbital ectopic brain tissue in Aicardi syndrome. J
Craniofac Surg. 2010 Sep;21(5):1551-3. PubMed PMID: 20818257.
38. Pineles SL, Ela-Dalman N, Rosenbaum AL, Aldave AJ, Velez FG. Binocular visual function in
patients with Boston type I keratoprostheses. Cornea. 2010 Dec;29(12):1397-400. PubMed PMID:
39. Velez FG, Laursen JK, Pineles SL. Risk factors for consecutive exotropia after vertical rectus
transposition for esotropic Duane retraction syndrome. JAAPOS. 2011 Aug;15(4):326-30. PubMed
40. Pineles SL, Rosenbaum AL, Kekunnaya R, Velez FG. Medial rectus recession after vertical rectus
transposition in patients with esotropic Duane syndrome. Arch Ophthalmol. 2011 Sep;129(9):1195-
8. PubMed PMID: 21911667.
41. Pineles SL, Deitz LW, Velez FG. Postoperative outcomes of patients initially overcorrected for
intermittent exotropia. J AAPOS. 2011 Dec;15(6):527-31. PubMed PMID: 22153394; PubMed
Central PMCID:PMC3713806.
42. Pineles SL, Laursen J, Goldberg RA, Demer JL, Velez FG. Function of transected or avulsed
rectus muscles following recovery using an anterior orbitotomy approach. J AAPOS. 2012
Aug;16(4):336-41. Epub 2012 Jul 25. PubMed PMID: 22835914; PubMed Central PMCID:
43. Velez FG, Velez G, Hendler K, Pineles SL. Isolated y-splitting and recession of the lateral rectus
muscle in patients with exo-duane syndrome. Strabismus. 2012 Sep;20(3):109-14. PubMed PMID:
22906380; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3714170.
44. Fernandez MP, Velez FG. Paralisis del Sexto Nervio Craneal posterior a Inmunizacion. Journal of
the Colombian Society of Ophthalmology 2012 Dec 45(4):308-315
45. Hendler K, Pineles SL, Demer JL, Rosenbaum AL, Velez G, Velez FG. Does inferior oblique
recession cause overcorrections in laterally incomitant small hypertropias due to superior oblique
palsy? Br J Ophthalmol. 2013 Jan;97(1):88-91. Epub 2012 Nov 10. PubMed PMID: 23143910;
PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3601447.
46. Pineles SL, Demer JL, Holland GN, Ransome SS, Bonelli L, Velez FG. External ophthalmoplegia
in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients receiving antiretroviral therapy. J AAPOS. 2012
Dec;16(6):529-33. Epub 2012 Nov 14. PubMed PMID: 23158548; PubMed Central PMCID:
47. Nejad M, Thacker N, Velez FG, Rosenbaum AL, Pineles SL. Surgical results of patients with
unilateral superior oblique palsy presenting with large hypertropias. J Pediatr Ophthalmol
Strabismus. 2013 Jan-Feb;50(1):44-52. Epub 2012 Nov 20. PubMed PMID: 23163258; PubMed
Central PMCID: PMC3606490.
48. Yoo SH, Pineles SL, Goldberg RA, Velez FG. Rectus muscle resection in Graves' ophthalmopathy.
J AAPOS. 2013 Feb;17(1):9-15. Epub 2013 Jan 23. PubMed PMID: 23352720; PubMed Central
PMCID: PMC3715128.
49. Peragallo JH, Velez FG, Demer JL, Pineles SL. Long-term follow-up of strabismus surgery for
patients with ocular myasthenia gravis. J Neuroophthalmol. Mar;33(1):40-4. PubMed PMID:
23403387; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3607423.
50. Peragallo JH, Velez FG, Demer JL, Pineles SL. Postoperative drift in patients with thyroid
ophthalmopathy undergoing unilateral inferior rectus muscle recession. Strabismus. 2013
Mar;21(1):23-8. PubMed PMID: 23477773; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3714169.
51. Pineles SL, Velez G, Velez FG. Asymmetric inferior oblique anterior transposition for incomitant
asymmetric dissociated vertical deviation. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2013
Nov;251(11):2639-42. Epub 2013 Aug 24. PubMed PMID: 23974702; PubMed Central PMCID:
52. Pineles SL, Velez FG, Isenberg SJ, Fenoglio Z, Birch E, Nusinowitz S, Demer JL. Functional
burden of strabismus: decreased binocular summation and binocular inhibition. JAMA Ophthalmol.
2013 Nov;131(11):1413-9. PubMed PMID: 24052160; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4136417.
53. Velez FG, Demer JL, Pihlblad MS, Pineles SL. Rectus muscle plication using an adjustable suture
technique. J AAPOS. 2013 Oct;17(5):480-3. PubMed PMID: 24160967; PubMed Central
54. Rabinowitz R, Velez FG, Pineles SL. Risk factors influencing the outcome of strabismus surgery
following retinal detachment surgery with scleral buckle. JAAPOS. 2013 Dec;17(6):594-7. Epub
2013 Nov 9. PubMed PMID: 24215808; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3870881
55. Kekunnaya R, Velez FG, Pineles SL. Outcomes in patients with esotropic duane retraction
syndrome and a partially accommodative component. Indian J Ophthalmol.2013 Dec;61(12):701-4.
PubMed PMID: 24413823; PubMed Central PMCID:PMC3917386.
56. Pineles SL, Lee PJ, Velez F, Demer J. Effects of visual noise on binocular summation in patients
with strabismus without amblyopia. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 2014 Mar-Apr;51(2):100-4.
Epub 2014 Feb 12. PubMed PMID:24512645; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4133087.
57. Hendler K, Pineles SL, Demer JL, Yang D, Velez FG. Adjustable augmented rectus muscle
transposition surgery with or without ciliary vessel sparing for abduction deficiencies. Strabismus.
2014 Jun;22(2):74-80. Epub 2014 Apr 17. PubMed PMID: 24738948; PubMed Central PMCID:
58. Tandon AK, Velez FG, Isenberg SJ, Demer JL, Pineles SL. Binocular inhibition in strabismic
patients is associated with diminished quality of life. J AAPOS. 2014 Oct;18(5):423-6. Epub 2014
Sep 27. PubMed PMID: 25266833; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4253639.
59. Velez FG, Oltra E, Isenberg SJ, Pineles SL. Assessment of torsion after superior rectus
transposition with or without medial rectus recession for Duane syndrome and abducens nerve
palsy. J AAPOS. 2014 Oct;18(5):457-60. Epub 2014 Sep 27. PubMed PMID: 25266834; PubMed
Central PMCID: PMC4252789.
60. Pineles SL, Velez FG, Yu F, Demer JL, Birch E. Normative reference ranges for binocular
summation as a function of age for low contrast letter charts. Strabismus. 2014 Dec;22(4):167-75.
Epub 2014 Oct 6. PubMed PMID: 25283818; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4232997.
61. Oltra EZ, Pineles SL, Demer JL, Quan AV, Velez FG. The effect of rectus muscle recession,
resection and plication on anterior segment circulation in humans. Br J Ophthalmol. 2015
Apr;99(4):556-60. Epub 2014 Oct 23. PubMed PMID:25342275; PubMed Central PMCID:
62. Quan AV, Pineles SL, Tsui I, Velez FG. Phthisis bulbi after lensectomy in retinopathy of
prematurity eyes previously treated with laser photocoagulation. Retin Cases Brief Rep. 2015
Winter;9(1):67-71. PubMed PMID: 25383856; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4270941
63. Chang MY, Velez FG, Demer JL, Isenberg SJ, Coleman AL, Pineles SL. Quality of life in adults
with strabismus. Am J Ophthalmol. 2015 Mar;159(3):539-44.e2. Epub 2014 Dec 9. PubMed PMID:
25498355; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4329264.
64. Pineles SL, Demer JL, Isenberg SJ, Birch EE, Velez FG. Improvement in binocular summation
after strabismus surgery. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2015 Mar;133(3):326-32. PubMed PMID: 25555109;
PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4414123.
65. Kekunnaya R, Kraft S, Rao VB, Velez FG, Sachdeva V, Hunter DG. Surgical management of
strabismus in Duane retraction syndrome. J AAPOS. 2015 Feb;19(1):63-9. PubMed PMID:
66. Yoo SH, Pineles SL, Jarrahy R, Velez FG. Ophthalmic manifestations of cherubism. J AAPOS.
2015 Feb;19(1):70-2. PubMed PMID: 25727591; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4503315
67. Tandon AK, Oltra EZ, Velez FG. Bilateral Congenital Posterior Capsular Defects and Ectopic
Cataracts. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 2015 Sep 25;52 Online:e48-51. PubMed PMID:
68. Chang MY, Pineles SL, Velez FG. Adjustable small-incision selective tenotomy and plication for
correction of incomitant vertical strabismus and torsion. J AAPOS. 2015 Oct;19(5):410-6. PubMed
PMID:26486021; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4637275.
69. Pineles SL, Velez FG. Accessory fibrotic lateral rectus muscles in exotropic Duane syndrome with
severe retraction and upshoot. J AAPOS. 2015 Dec;19(6):549-50.e1. PubMed PMID:
26691035;PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4688570.
70. Oltra EZ, Velez FG. Surgical removal of a congenital fibrovascular pupillary membrane. J AAPOS.
2015 Dec;19(6):551-551.e1. PubMed PMID: 26691036.
71. Kattan JM, Velez FG, Demer JL, Pineles SL. Relationship Between Binocular Summation and
Stereoacuity After Strabismus Surgery. Am J Ophthalmol. 2016 May;165:29-32. Epub 2016 Feb
26. PubMed PMID: 26921805; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4870145.
72. Kim JA, Velez FG, Pineles SL. Strabismus Surgery in Patients with Ocular Neuromyotonia:
Potential Unmasking of the Condition and Effective Management Tool. J Neuroophthalmol. 2016
Sep;36(3):259-63. PubMed PMID: 27023310; PubMed Central PMCID:PMC4988925.
73. Chang MY, Yulek F, Pineles SL, Velez FG. Surgery for superior oblique tendon anteriorization and
entrapment following scleral buckle. J AAPOS. 2016 Apr;20(2):165.e1-2. PubMed PMID:
27079609; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4860355.
74. Kim A, Nejad M, Pineles S, Chang M, Velez F. A modified technique for strabismus surgery in the
presence of a scleral buckle. J AAPOS. 2016 Aug;20(4):376-378.e1. Epub 2016 Apr 27. PubMed
PMID: 27132139.
75. Falavarjani KG, Iafe NA, Velez FG, Schwartz SD, Sadda SR, Sarraf D, Tsui I. Optical Coherence
Tomography Angiography of the Fovea in Children Born Preterm. Retina. 2017 Dec;37(12):2289-
2294. PubMed PMID: 28098735.
76. Velez FG, Chang MY, Pineles SL. Inferior Rectus Transposition: A Novel Procedure for Abducens
Palsy. Am J Ophthalmol. 2017 May;177:126-130. Epub 2017 Feb 28. PubMed PMID: 28254627;
PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5410180.
77. Chang MY, Demer JL, Isenberg SJ, Velez FG, Pineles SL. Decreased Binocular Summation in
Strabismic Amblyopes and Effect of Strabismus Surgery. Strabismus. 2017 Jun;25(2):73-80. Epub
2017 May 2. PubMed PMID: 28463606.
78. Yulek F, Velez FG, Isenberg SJ, Demer JL, Pineles SL. Binocular Summation and Control of
Intermittent Exotropia. Strabismus. 2017 Jun;25(2):81-86. Epub 2017 May 8. PubMed PMID:
79. Chang MY, Liu W, Glasgow BJ, Isenberg SJ, Velez FG. Necrotizing Tenon's capsule infection in a
lymphopenic Down syndrome patient following strabismus surgery. J AAPOS. 2017 Aug;21(4):333-
335. Epub 2017 Jun 16. PubMed PMID: 28625468.
80. Alfreihi SH, Pineles SL, McCannel TA, Prada AM, Velez FG. Surgical management of strabismus
following choroidal melanoma plaque brachytherapy. J AAPOS. 2017 Aug;21(4):286-290.e2. Epub
2017 Jul 18. PubMed PMID: 28728906.
81. Chang MY, Velez FG, Demer JL, Bonelli L, Quiros PA, Arnold AC, Sadun AA, Pineles SL.
Accuracy of Diagnostic Imaging Modalities for Classifying Pediatric Eyes as Papilledema Versus
Pseudopapilledema. Ophthalmology. 2017 Dec;124(12):1839-1848. Epub 2017 Jul 18. PubMed
PMID: 28732589.
82. Lonngi M, Velez FG, Tsui I, Davila JP, Rahimi M, Chan C, Sarraf D, Demer JL, Pineles SL.
Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomographic Angiography in Children with Amblyopia. JAMA
Ophthalmol. 2017 Oct 1;135(10):1086-1091. PubMed PMID: 28910439; PubMed Central
83. Pineles SL, Chang MY, Oltra EL, Pihlblad MS, Davila-Gonzalez JP, Sauer TC, Velez FG. Anterior
segment ischemia: etiology, assessment, and management. Eye (Lond). 2018 Feb;32(2):173-178.
Epub 2017 Nov 17. PubMed PMID: 29148529; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5811735.
84. Cifuentes DL, Pineles SL, Demer JL, Velez FG. Surgical success and lateral incomitance following
three-muscle surgery for large-angle horizontal strabismus. J AAPOS. 2017 Dec 1. pii: S1091-
8531(17)30325-7. Epub ahead of print PubMed PMID: 2919903
85. Borrelli E, Lonngi M, Balasubramanian S, Tepelus TC, Baghdasaryan E, Iafe NA, Pineles SL,
Velez FG, Sarraf D, Sadda SR, Tsui I. Macular microvascular networks in Healthy pediatric
subjects. Retina. 2018 Feb 22. Epub ahead of print PubMed PMID:29474304.
86. Velez FG, Davila JP, Diaz A, Corradetti G, Sarraf D, Pineles SL. Association of Change in Iris
Vessel Density in Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography with Anterior Segment Ischemia
After Strabismus Surgery. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018 Jul 12. Epub ahead of print PubMed PMID:
87. Borrelli E, Lonngi M, Balasubramanian S, Tepelus TC, Baghdasaryan E, Pineles SL, Velez FG,
Sarraf D, Sadda SR, Tsui I. Increased choriocapillaris vessel density in amblyopic children: a case-
control study. J AAPOS. 2018 Jul 12. pii:S1091-8531(18)30118-6. Epub ahead of print PubMed
PMID: 30009947.
88. Balasubramanian S, Borrelli E, Lonngi M, Velez F, Sarraf D, Sadda SR, Tsui I. Visual function and
optical coherence tomography angiography features in Children born preterm. Retina. 2018 Aug
30. Epub ahead of print PubMed PMID: 30180146.
89. Pineles SL, Velez FG. Isolated Ocular Motor Nerve Palsies. J Binocul Vis Ocul Motil. 2018 Jul-
Sep;68(3):70-77. Epub 2018 Jun 21. PubMed PMID: 30196784.
90. Velez FG, Pineles SL. Adjustable Posterior Fixation Suture Technique in Adjustable Superior
Rectus Transposition. J Binocul Vis Ocul Motil. 2018 Oct-Dec;68(4):154-155. Epub 2018 Oct
26.PubMed PMID: 30362900.
91. Fry MC, Pineles S, Velez FG. Treatment of convergence insufficiency exotropia in adults using a
selective muscle fiber surgery algorithm. Cli Exp Vis Eye Res J 2018;1(2):6-10
92. Lonngi M, Crandall BF, Sauer TC, Velez FG. Thymine > cytosine missense mutation at nucleotide
3538 in fibrillin-1 gene in Marfan syndrome: A case report of an aggressive phenotype. Cli Exp Vis
Eye Res J 2018;1(2):32-34
93. Pineles SL, Velez FG. Anterior superior oblique tuck: an alternate treatment for excyclotorsion. J
AAPOS. 2019 Mar 20. pii: S1091-8531(19)30067-9. Epub ahead of print PubMed PMID:
94. Velez FG, Pineles SL. Management of surgical overcorrections following surgery for Duane
syndrome with esotropia in primary position. J AAPOS. 2019 Feb;23(1):2-4. Epub 2018 Nov 2.
PubMed PMID:30391554.
95. Chen MF, Meer E, Velez FG, Jones M, Mathern GW, Pineles SL. Etiology and Age Modifies
Subjective Visual Function After Cerebral Hemispherectomy. J Child Neurol. 2019 Apr
7:883073819834430. Epub ahead of print PubMed PMID: 30957613.
96. Pineles SL, Chang MY, Holmes JM, Kekunnaya R, Özkan SB, Velez FG. Innovative techniques for
the treatment of adult strabismus. J AAPOS. 2019 Jun;23(3):132-139. PubMed PMID: 31004784
97. Pineles SL, Lewis RA, Khanlou N, Velez FG. Vertical asymmetric mitochondrial ophthalmoplegia.
Can J Ophthalmol. 2019 Oct;54(5):e230-e232. Epub 2019 Apr 1. PubMed PMID: 31564362
98. Chen AC, Velez FG, Pineles SL. Severe Acquired Restrictive Strabismus Fixus in Patients with
Trisomy 21. J Binocul Vis Ocul Motil. 2019 Oct-Dec;69(4):153-156. PubMed PMID: 31584357
99. Ali MH, Pineles SL, Velez FG, Tandon AK, Glasgow BJ. Pathologic Study of Supernumerary
Orbital Band in Type I Duane Syndrome. Ocul Oncol Pathol. 2019 Aug;5(5):305-311. PubMed
PMID: 31559240; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC6751466.
100. Goseki T, Suh SY, Robbins L, Pineles SL, Velez FG, Demer JL. Prevalence of Sagging Eye
Syndrome in Adults with Binocular Diplopia. Am J Ophthalmol. 2019 Sep 14. Epub ahead of print.
PubMed PMID: 31526795
101. Sauer TC, Velez FG, Pineles SL. Rectus muscle plication in the treatment of anomalous head
position associated with nystagmus. Cli Exp Vis Eye Res J 2019;2(1): 3-5
102. Pineles SL, Davila-Gonzalez JP, Gorin M, Lee H, Sarraf D, Velez FG. Retin Cases Brief Rep.
2019 Dec doi: 10.1097/ICB.0000000000000955. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 31842044.
103. Kothari N, Pineles S, Sarraf D, Velez F, Heilweil G, Holland G, McCannel CA, Onclinx T,
McCannel TA, Sadda SR, Schwartz SD, Tsui I. Clinic-based ultra-wide field retinal imaging in a
pediatric population. Int J Retina Vitreous. 2019 Dec 12;5(Suppl 1):21. doi: 10.1186/s40942-019-
0171-1. eCollection 2019. PubMed PMID: 31890284; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC690710
104. Gunzenhauser RC, Tsui I, Velez FG, Fung SS, Demer JL, Suh SY, Sarraf D, Pineles SL.
Comparison of Pre-Treatment vs. Post-Treatment Retinal Vessel Density in Children with
Amblyopia. J Binocul Vis Ocul Motil. 2020 Jul-Sep;70(3):79-85. doi:
10.1080/2576117X.2020.1760695. Epub 2020 May 15. PMID: 32412887
105. Dagi LR, Velez FG, Archer SM, Atalay HT, Campolattaro BN, Holmes JM, Kerr NC, Kushner
BJ, Mackinnon SE, Paysse EA, Pihlblad MS, Pineles SL, Strominger MB, Stager DR Sr, Stager D
Jr, Capo H. Adult Strabismus Preferred Practice Pattern®. Ophthalmology. 2020 Jan;127(1):P182-
P298. doi: 10.1016/j.ophtha.2019.09.023. Epub 2019 Sep 25. PMID: 31757496
106. Lee YH, Maniglia M, Velez F, Demer JL, Seitz AR, Pineles S. Short-term Perceptual Learning
Game Does Not Improve Patching-Resistant Amblyopia in Older Children. J Pediatr Ophthalmol
Strabismus. 2020 May 1;57(3):176-184. doi: 10.3928/01913913-20200306-01. PMID: 32453851
107. Pineles SL, Chang MY, Velez FG. Compartmental Strabismus. J Binocul Vis Ocul Motil. 2020
Jul-Sep;70(3):71-78. doi: 10.1080/2576117X.2020.1760683. Epub 2020 May 28. PMID: 32463321
108. Galvis V, Spinelli FR, Tello A, Sossa CL, Higuera JD, Gómez ED, Serrano SE, Camacho PA,
Velez FG. Hydroxychloroquine as Prophylaxis for Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 Infection: Review of
the Ongoing Clinical Trials. Arch Bronconeumol. 2020 Sep;56(9):606-608. doi:
10.1016/j.arbres.2020.05.008. Epub 2020 May 31. PMID: 32571633; PMCID: PMC7261447
109. Law MX, Cummings TJ, Velez FG. Post-traumatic superior oblique tendon nodule associated
with acquired Brown syndrome. J AAPOS. 2020 Jul 17:S1091-8531(20)30145-2. doi:
10.1016/j.jaapos.2020.05.005. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 32687877
110. Bonafede L, Go M, Cheng J, Belcastro AA, Bellet JS, Gabr H, Freedman SF, Velez FG.
Periocular infantile hemangioma masquerading as dacryocele. J AAPOS. 2020 Jul 18:S1091-
8531(20)30148-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jaapos.2020.07.001. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 32693170
111. Solanes F, Velez FG, Robbins L, Pineles SL. Modified Anterior Superior Oblique Tuck: A Case
Series. J Binocul Vis Ocul Motil. 2020 Aug 12:1-6. doi: 10.1080/2576117X.2020.1801033. Epub
ahead of print. PMID: 32783613
112. Robbins L, Goseki T, Law SK, Nouri-Mahdavi K, Caprioli J, Coleman AL, Giaconi JA, Demer
JL, Velez FG, Pineles SL. Strabismus after Ahmed Glaucoma Valve Implantation. Am J
Ophthalmol. 2020 Aug 17:S0002-9394(20)30445-1. doi: 10.1016/j.ajo.2020.08.019. Epub ahead of
print. PMID: 32818449
113. Prada AM, Pineles SL, Velez FG. Resolución de neuropatía óptica y oftalmoplegía después
del tratamiento quirúrgico de un mucocele. Journal of the Colombian Society of Ophthalmology.
In Press

Capítulos de Libros

1. Velez FG, Velez G. Strabismus. In Arango K, Mejia LF, and Abad JC (eds): Ophthalmology.
Medellin. 2001. Biological Research Corporation.
2. Velez FG, Ela-Dalman N, Rosenbaum AL. Strabismus. In Agarwal A (Editor): Color Atlas of
Ophthalmology. New York. 2009. Thieme Medical Publishers, 2 nd edition
3. Velez FG, Eckstein L, Oh I, Ela-Dalman N. Strabismus. In Agarwal A, Jacob S (Editors): Video
Textbook of Basic Surgeries in Ophthalmology. 2010 Slack, Section 6
4. Velez FG, Eckstein L, Oh I, Ela-Dalman N. Strabismus. In Agarwal A, Jacob S (Editors): Video
Textbook of Advanced Surgeries in Ophthalmology. 2010 Slack, Section 6
5. Velez FG, Velez G, Prieto-Diaz F. Strabismus. In Arango K, Mejia LF, and Abad JC (eds):
Ophthalmology. Medellin. 2009. Biological Research Corporation. 2 nd edition
6. Velez FG, Rosenbaum AL. Duane Syndrome. In Granet D, Robbins S (eds): Pediatric
Ophthalmology. American Academy of Pediatrics-Ophthalmology. 2012
7. Velez FG, Rosenbaum AL. Transpositions procedures. In Albert DM, Lucarelli, MJ (eds): Surgical
Atlas of Ophthalmology. 2 nd edition
8. Thacker N, Velez FG, Rosenbaum AL. Esotropia, Exotropia and V-patterns. In Kulkarni et al:
eMedicine Clinical Knowledge Base http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1199825-overview.
New York, NY
9. Thacker N, Velez FG, Rosenbaum AL. Acquired exotropia. In Kulkarni et al: eMedicine Clinical
Knowledge Base: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1199004-overview. New York, NY
10. Velez FG. Strabismus surgical complications. In Agarwal A (Editor): Complications in Ocular
Surgery: A Guide to Managing the Most Common Challenges. Slack. 2013
11. Velez FG, Demer JL, Pineles SL. Imaging and Strabismus. In Albert and Jakobiec's Principles
and Practices of Ophthalmology, 4th edition Editors-in-Chief: Daniel Albert, Joan Miller, Dimitri
Azar, Lucy H. Young